Canterbury and District Historical Society s1 n01

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JOURNAL OF THE CANTERBURY AND DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY (SERIES.1 NO.1)

The Canterbury and District Historical Society published a series of Journals between 1965 and 1968.

These Journals in Series No. 1 have long been out of print. Although there is a continuing interest in obtaining copies, a complete reprinting is impracticable. It has been decided that certain articles of particular value and interest should be republished. As retyping was necessary, the opportunity was taken to correct mis-typing, etc., and to add comments where this was thought essential. However, the articles are basically unchanged.

It should be emphasized that the information and the locations quoted are as at the date of the original publication.

March. 1978.


No. 1: March/April, 1965 .

No. 2:

No. 3: Before March, 1966.

No. 4:

No. 5: Before April, 1967. (Earlwood Special)

No. 6: April, 1967

No. 7: May, 1967

No. 8: August, 1967

No. 9: (Early 1968)

No. 10: (Reprint) August, 1968

No. 10: August, 1968

A new Series (No. 2) commenced in 1970.


FOREWORD

Australia is becoming aware of its past. This is indicated in the popularity of the many books dealing with our early history, our early buildings, our early endeavours and our indigenous people. Examine the display windows and shelves of any bookshop and this will become evident. There is a renewed effort in the publication of journals, letters, early drawings, lives of administrators and pioneers and accounts of developments in particular fields. Australian novelists and poets are contributing imaginative interpretations of the past. There is a stirring and vital interest in what has gone before. This is a national trend. What has happened on a community level?

Linked with these sustained material trends is an increasing awareness of local history in many communities. There is the vigour of public bodies formed for the preservation of historically significant buildings and monuments. The Canterbury Historical Society has been formed to preserve and represent the history of our community.

Primary schools invariably commence a year’s Social Studies with an examination of the local community. Pupils are made aware of such topics as ; the physical features of the area, rivers, main roads, communication links, surrounding suburbs, directions, main buildings, principal buildings, recreation areas, civic buildings, the history and development of the district, and main historical dates and buildings. As well as an understanding of the suburb, a pride in achievement is developing.

How well do you know your suburb and community? Who was the first settler in Canterbury and when? Where did Canterbury derive its name? Who owned ’’the Punchbowl”? When was Canterbury Road taken over by the government? When were the sugar works opened? The opening of the first Post Office? The subdivision of Hurlstone Park and Ashbury? First garbage service? The tram service to Canterbury station? The first industries? This information has been collected and preserved by the Historical Society.

I commend this publication to you and wish it well in its future activities. The promotion of a sense of community’s progress and traditions in the context of the nation’s history will result from the effective meditation of local history.

R. G. DURHAM, Principal, Canterbury Primary School. (C.D.H.S. S.1 No. 1.)


THIS ARTICLE WAS SPECIALLY PREPARED FOR THE FIRST JOURNAL OF THE CANTERBURY AND DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.


LET'S DISCOVER LOCAL HISTORY ON YOUR DOORSTEP

By a BELMORE SOUTH RESIDENT and SYDNEY JOURNALIST - REG HOLLIDAY.


Look from your front veranda or lounge room window and undoubtedly you will discover a link with the historical past of the Canterbury Municipality. It may not be a very important link, but still it could provoke your curiosity and stir up your recollections of memorable landmarks in the district.

For instance, from my verandah in Kingsgrove Road, Belmore South, I can view The Towers building to the south of me and the St George Hotel about 200 yards farther up the road.

Front of "The Towers" at 31 Forsyth Street, Belmore a two storeyed brick Victorian rustic Gothic mansion. Built 1888. ca. 1970s-1980s

The distinctive, white-coated Towers building on an elevated position beside sky-reaching Norfolk Pines has a romantic background with the district. The Society has a film record tracing the history of the Towers, and further details have been given by a descendant of the original owner. Last November, Society members and friends were shown a film of the Towers property in Moorfields Road, Belmore South.

The castle-like building, surmounted by an imposing tower, was built and occupied by a Mr. David Jones in 1870 Ownership of The Towers later went to the Forsyths, who were rope manufacturers. The property later reverted to a descendant of Mr. Jones.

Fletchers Dairy truck, Kingsgrove, ca 1950s

The descendant, a Mrs. Fletcher, now lives at Parramatta, but I recall that her son was my schoolmate when the family occupied the Towers almost 25 years ago. Mr. Fletcher then was the local dairyman, and his herd of milking cows browsed on an extensive property in Sharp Street (now Kingsgrove Road) between Harp Street and Kingsgrove Road. Now the dairy property where local youngsters once played hide-and-seek in the sweet corn paddocks has been scarred by roads and built on by rows of homes.

Also, in my schooldays, I recall adults pointed out the St George Hotel as a landmark comparable in importance with Chevron Hilton in these modern days. "This pub has the best bar in the Southern Hemisphere”, a customer of the St George Hotel once proudly boasted. Of course, the hotel the corner of Canterbury and Kingsgrove Roads has been extensively remodeled since those days, but its history would be a worthy project for research.

Then, until Belmore South Public School celebrated its Canterbury Anniversary in July, 1962, I did not realise that a pioneering spirit had been pronounced in the early days education for the area.

With my eldest son in the guard of honour inspected by State Governor, Lieutenant-General Sir Eric Woodward, another son in the assembly, my wife and I were among parents happy to pay homage to a cavalcade of education during the past 100 years.

MAKE LOCAL OBSERVATIONS

After more than 30 years in the district, it is simple to trace significant changes during the past decades. But actually these details should be recorded by you and I for posterity.

Following generations will benefit if you can assist Canterbury and District Historical Society with the loan bequest, of vital documents, relics of the past, and etches and photographs of early scenes.

The Society earnestly seeks members who can assist with typing important records, and people willing to collate background material and conduct personal interviews with knowledgeable elderly residents of the Canterbury Municipality.

Amateur photographers able to assist with the duplication rare photographs and other copying jobs are also sought. So whether you’re a teenager or a great-great-grand father, this is your invitation to join the Society and assist in its invaluable work.

GLEANINGS FROM THE PAST

Our main source for reference with historical research projects unquestionably is the files of both metropolitan and suburban newspapers.

The Sydney Morning Herald is in her one hundred and thirty-fourth year of publication, while the other daily and Sunday publications also have recorded many major chapters of local interest and details of development schemes.

Today, the most reliable district publications are "The Campsie News and Lakemba Advance" and" the 'Weekly Flash.” "The Campsie News and Lakemba Advance" has the largest circulation of any paper in the district, being delivered to Canterbury, Campsie, Belmore, Lakemba, Wiley Park, Belfield, Earlwood, Clemton Park, and into parts of Greenacre and Croydon Park.

"The Weekly Flash" is distributed in Hurlstone Park, Canterbury, Campsie, Belmore, Ashbury, Earlwood, Clemton Park, and Bardwell Park.

DISTRICT PAPERS

Society records show that "The Alert" newspaper was established in 1904 by Mr. James Augustus Nelson, who lived for many years in Reginald Avenue, Belmore. Mr. Nelson was an Alderman of Canterbury Council between 1915 and 1917, and served as Mayor during this period.

In 1925, Mr. Reginald Charles Merritt established a new paper, "The Lakemba Advance", which was published by him until 1937. His eldest son, Mr. Clyde Clifford Merritt then took charge of the Newspaper and printing business.

In 1938 "The Alert" newspaper was taken over and incorporated in "The Campsie News". And in 1939, "The Campsie News" and "The Lakemba Advance" managements agreed to amalgamate under the common banner of "The Campsie News and Lakemba Advance". The paper flourished and was sold in 1960 to the Brynes Publishing Co. Pty„ Ltd., Burwood, when its circulation was 17,000 copies.

In 1925, its circulation was a mere 3,000 copies, and audit returns show its gradual increase to 25,000 copies by 1962. Today "The Campsie News and Lakemba Advance" with a certified circulation of 30,000 copies each issue, blankets the business and residential centres of the widespread areas of distribution.

In 1925, it was a four page paper, increasing in size to a regular 24 pages by 1960. Recently the paper published issues of thirty-six or more pages.

The Society is anxious to obtain early issues of the newspapers. Widowed proprietor and publisher of "The Weekly Flash", Gwen H. Dowd, of Fore Street, Canterbury, said that she her late husband, Mr. W. G. ("Bill") Dowd, launched the paper as a joint venture in 1953.

Poster promoting a new Aquatic Centre in Tasker Park, ca 1959

The late Mr. Bill Dowd was intensely concerned with progress and civic associations, and planned to campaign for greater improvements, particularly along Cook’s River, through their newspaper. Until then, the Canterbury district was often overlooked by suburban newspapers.

Mrs. Dowd was a keen and devoted member of the publication, assisting with the preparation of the news and advertising copy, "The Weekly Flash" began as a four page publication, then to eight pages, with occasional special issues pages.

The late Mr. Dowd and the newspaper became champions in fight to secure the Canterbury Olympic Swimming Pool for the residents. Other vigorous campaigns contributed to present scheme for a boat harbour in Cook's River at Canterbury, river dredging operations and beautification of foreshores.

Today, Mr. Bill Dowd has been remembered by Canterbury Council and residents of the municipality by a memorial plaque on an Australian tree in Simpson Reserve, Canterbury where he organised numerous charity carnivals.

"The Weekly Flash" was first printed in blue ink on white paper and is now printed with black on a distinctive paper.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.1)

CAMPSIE — RECOLLECTIONS OF HER GRANDFATHER. JAMES EDWARD QUIGG

Emma Quigg's home on Charles St

EXTRACT FROM LETTER FROM MRS. THELMA FETHERSTON.

To the Editor, Please find enclosed some early information re Roselands:-

My grandfather, James Edward Quigg, a highly respected gentleman, arrived in Australia from Rathlin, Northern Ireland, by sailing clipper in the mid 1800’s.

He purchased a 100 acre property where Roselands now stands. He built a homestead and farmed the land which he called "BELGROVE FARM".

My grandfather later married and brought his bride to live here. They had five children, all of whom grew up on the farm, attending school, which was situated on the adjoining property and run by Mr. Thomas, for three days a week, and later an additional two days a week at Moorfields Church School.

In 1882, seventy five acres of my grandfather’s property was sold to Mr. Fenwick. On the remaining twenty five acres my grandfather built another house nearer Canterbury Road. He and grandmother lived there until my grandfather’s untimely death in 1883.

Grandmother sold the rest of the estate to our neighbour, Mr. Fenwick. She then moved to Canterbury Road, Canterbury, where she lived until her death.

(C .D.H.S. J. S.1 No. 5)

(The property has since been sold, demolished and a block of flats has replaced the grand old home.)

EXTRACT FROM BAILLIERE’S NEW SOUTH WALES GAZETTEER AND ROAD GUIDE,1866 CONTAINING THE MOST RECENT ACCURATE INFORMATION AS TO EVERY PLACE IN THE COLONY

COMPILED BY ROBERT P. WHITWORTH WITH MAP. SYDNEY. F. F. BAILLIERE, GEORGE STREET, 1866.

CANTERBURY (Co. Cumberland) is a postal hamlet of Petersham, and electoral district of Cumberland. It is situated on Cook's river, at a distance of 6 miles from Sydney, with which place there is communication by coach. There is a sugar refinery in Canterbury, not, however, at work, and 1 hotel, the Rising Sun. Canterbury is under the controll of the St. George’s road board. The surrounding district is undulating, and the soil very poor, and abound in ironstone. Some few patches are cultivated, but the industry is wood cutting and carting, and brickmaking geological formation of the district consists of Pliocene tertiary on ferruginous sandstone. The population numbers about 250 persons.

The Canterbury electoral district embraces a portion he county of Cumberland; and is bounded on the N. by Jackson from the sea, and by the Parramatta river upward , to the W. boundary of the parish of Concord; on the y the W, boundaries of the parishes of Concord and St. George to George’s river; on the S. by that river and Botany to the sea; and on the E. by the sea to Port Jackson, aforesaid; and including all the islands in Port Jackson and Parramatta river; but excluding therefrom the electoral districts of E. and W. Sydney, Paddington, Newtown and the e. It returns two members to the legislative assembly, present representatives being J. Oatley and J. Pemell, Esqs. The number of registered electors in this district is 3524, of whom 1792 voted at the last general election,1864-1865.


(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.1 )

EARLY LAKEMBA

The following is an extract from a letter written by Mr. H. Stubbs, now living at Strathfield, of his first recollections of Lakemba:

Although born at Forest Lodge in 1888, where I attended school, I first went to Lakemba in 1907. The train then terminated at Belmore, where Mr. Bressinton was Station Master. We had to walk through Mooney’s Bush to Lakemba. At that time there was a coursing ground where Redman Parade is now. There were no houses at all in Burwood Road between the Station and Leyland Parade. C. E. Miles had a little lock-up shop, which he used as an estate agent office in Burwood Road. He sold me a block of land in Flora Street, Lakemba, for 7/- a foot. The previous owner of the land was a timber merchant who later became Mayor of Canterbury (Alderman James A. Wilson).

Benjamin Taylor's house 'Lakemba'.
During 1911 when I built on my property at the corner of what is (now) Phillip Street, there was only one old weatherboard shop in Canterbury Road between Chapel Street and Haldon Street. It was kept by a man named Davey, who acted as grocer, agent for the A.M.P. and District Returning Officer. The only shop in Haldon Street was a newsagent, Mr. F. S. Harrower, who had been a Welsh miner before coming to Australia. He later sold the business to Mr William Foster.

Between Oneata Street and the railway line (which wasn’t built until later) were two places only the residence of Mr. Ben Taylor (an old weatherboard cottage) which he later sold to Mr. Tom Taylor (no relative), and ’’Lakemba House", a two storey brick building. Ben Taylor then owned the whole of this estate which he called "Lakemba", after the island Lakemba in the Pacific, where his father had been a missionary.

An infrequent horse-bus service ran between Canary Road and Lakemba Station. Among the people I knew in the area was Reg L. (Snowy) Baker, who lived in a house called the "Ranch" in Croydon Street. He was a great all round athlete, who was born in 1884 and died in 1953. He excelled in 19 different sports. An all-school athletic champion in 1898, (he) represented Australia against England in Rugby Union when he was 17 years old. He was a member of an Australian polo team that remained undefeated from 1903 to 1906. He joined the N.S.W. Lancers and excelled at tent pegging, tilting and steeple chasing. He later won the Australian amateur middle-weight boxing championship and Silver Medal at the 1908 Olympics (his defeat in the final was strongly disputed).

He joined Hugh D, McIntosh, who built Sydney Stadium for (the) Tommy Burns - Bill Squires world heavyweight title fight in 1908. He subsequently bought out McIntosh and opened stadiums in four other States, but later sold them to John Wren who formed Stadiums Ltd. in 1914.

Snowy was a top-line referee of professional boxing. He ran a physical culture school, published a sports magazine, and wrote a book on athletics. He won 25 wrestling contests, (and) as well as being an expert fencer he was also a very good diver. As a swimmer, he was undefeated in six countries. He was also a member of the famous "Flying Squadron" relay team. He made and starred in several films before leaving for America, where he lived for thirty years of his life, acted in many films and taught numerous stars to ride, play polo and throw the boomerang. He never gave up his Australian citizenship. I was a great admirer of Snowy’s feats and followed his career closely.

Monte Luke, photographer, taught me to print and develop photos. He later died at Clifton Gardens.

A Mr. Smith built a galvanised iron picture theatre on corner of Gillies and later Haldon Streets. Forty years ago this was "Good Entertainment" especially the Sunday concerts.

Ben Taylor sold land in Haldon Street for £3/-/- a ft., an amazingly high price for those days, I have since seen the same land sell for £90 a foot, and I have no doubt on today's market it would bring an even higher price still.

As I recall, the first Post Office was in Haldon Street not far from the present one, and was run by Mr. Bert Wilkinson who later went to Alice Springs, There was no butcher in Lakemba in those days, and Mr. Tom Hillard of Hurstville started a run with a cutting cart, delivering meat twice a week. He later built a shop in Canterbury Rd., opposite Haldon Street. It was managed by Mr. George Hunt.

The first chemist was Morton Clark, who had a lock -up shop there some fifty years ago, about the same time that Frank Jennings opened a Draper & Haberdashery. The Chief of the Fire Station was George Ashton, who lived in Legge Street. A Kindergarten School in Haldon Street was run by Miss Bryant in an old two storey house about one hundred yards from the corner of Canterbury Road.

(There was) no Police Station; only one Senior Constable, Bill Mannell, who lived in Phillip Street, looked after the area.

(The) nearest doctor was Dr. W. Newton, who lived in Ninth Avenue, Campsie (later moved to South Parade). I recall as if it were yesterday the day our first child was born: I ran frantically all the way from Lakemba to North Parade, Campsie, to get the midwife, Nurse Clarke. It was very late at night, and those times street lighting, what there was of it, was very poor, and roads being what they were caused me to stumble and fall many times. By the time I reached Campsie I think I was in greater need of attention than my wife.

Portrait of Dr W. Newton, Alderman 1917-1922
I was one of the first people in our area to have a private phone connected. The day of its installation was a very proud one indeed, but short lived, because all hours of the night and morning we would be ruthlessly disturbed by all and sundry neighbours and strangers alike to ring doctors, dentists, friends, tradesmen, or just for the novelty of using the phone. The line was brought four miles from Kogarah to install it. I can only remember two churches in the area; the Catholic, in Wilson Avenue, and the Anglican (St Albans) in Belmore. Ben Taylor built a church near Lakemba Station some years later.

The nearest and only hotel between Canterbury and Bankstown was the St George of Belmore. It had a hitching rail outside for the horses. I used to walk a mile to it on a hot night to get a beer; those days it was open until 11 p.m. unfortunately, it was also a mile to walk home, and I would be just as thirsty when I arrived back to my house. The only Lodge I knew those days was the Druids, which held their meetings in Shaw’s Hall, Belmore. We met every two weeks.

The main thing that I can remember about Cooks River (is) that it was always in flood and washing some poor Chinese gardeners out. I often saw the River in flood near Sydenham; one "joker" I knew lived near the station, and always kept a boat tied to the fence so he wouldn’t have to walk waist deep in water to get to the station to catch the train.

When I was twelve years old, I stayed during the Midwinter school holidays with a friend whose parents owned a paper shop at Canterbury (1900). We all used to go out in a sulky to deliver the papers. Believe me, at 4 o’clock in the morning it was cold. The paper run extended from the St. George Hotel to Hurlstone Park (called Fern Hill then). The old horse used to trot over the paddocks avoiding the potholes and sometimes nearly throwing us out of the sulky.

The State Member those days was Varney Parkes, son of Sir Henry Parkes. Mr. Varney Parkes lived in Fore Street, Canterbury.

I was one of the foundation members of the Lakemba Labor League, and its first treasurer and delegate to the St. George Federal Council. Our candidate at that election was H. J. Peters, against J. Draper, Canterbury shopkeeper. Our untiring efforts were rewarded; Mr. Peters was the first Labor member for the district. Unfortunately, he was later killed at the Dardanelles. George Cann became our new member.

(C .D.H.S.J. S.1 No. 8)

(We also have another version of how Lakemba obtained its name, in the story by James Jervis, page 40.)

CANTERBURY PUBLIC SCHOOL HISTORY

By the courtesy of the Education Department, (abbreviated).

Church Street facade of Canterbury Public School, Church Street, Canterbury featuring the original plaque and front windows. The school is believed to have been constructed from local sandstone.
June, 1877. An application was made to the Council of Education for a Public School at Canterbury with 161 prospective pupils. The application was approved.

Nov.,1877. Mr. Thomas Perrott notified the Council of Education that he would accept its offer of £360 for two acres of land with 204ft. frontage on Sugar House Road (Church Street) and extending through to Minter Street.

16/3/78. Pending the completion of the Government School buildings, the Rev. James Carter gave permission to use the Church of England School House as a temporary building, Mr. George Wenholz was appointed teacher, in temporary charge, and was later assisted by a pupil-teacher, Master Pyman.

9/8/78. The first Canterbury Public School Board was appointed. Members were Messrs. John Campbell Sharp (Chairman) Thomas Perrott (Secretary) and Alfred Miller. These men were nominated by J. S. Jones, Inspector at Stanmore, Mr. Tyrell was appointed later.

1879. The first school buildings, which included a teacher's residence, were erected by Messrs. Bignell and Clarke at a cost of £2,558. The building, a substantial stone structure, comprised one classroom and one schoolroom.

21/4/79. Parents and citizens signed a petition in favour of Mr. Wenholz being appointed permanently in charge of the school. However, the Council of Education pointed out that since he had not had country service, he could not be permanently appointed to a city school.

17/1/80. Mr. Thomas Burks installed three water tanks for the school.

16/3/80. Messrs. Thomas Austin Davis, Matthew Roberts and Donald Robertson became additional members of the Canterbury Public School Board.

28/9/82. Mr. R. B. Parry became headmaster, Mr. Wenholz handed over the school only under duress; and was transferred to Parkes.

31/7/85. Enrolment reached 247 children, an average daily attendance of 200. An additional building of wood and iron was added at a cost of £485.


5/12/88. Complaints were made regarding the inadequate water supply at the school, which consisted of tanks and a well. The water main was at this time approaching the village of Canterbury, but no move could be made until it actually arrived. The well was filled in in June 1901.


4/1/98. As a result of a typhoid epidemic in the district, the school grounds were treated.


20/8/1900. Further repairs and improvements were made, including the strengthening of the foundations of the earlier building. A new building for the Girls’ Department had also been completed at a cost of £1,315.


31/1/02.The staff consisted of a principal, two assistants, and two pupil teachers in the boys' department; and a mistress, three assistants, and one pupil teacher in the girls’ department.


5/5/05. Mr. George Dart took over as principal. Mr. Parry retired at the age of 64 after 23 years' service at Canterbury Public School.

1905. A long standing claim for compensation for land resumed in 1891 was paid. In May, 1902, the trustees of the estate of Mr. Frederick Clissold decreased, had claimed compensation of £729/6/- from the Department of Public Instruction for two acres three perches of land resumed for school building at Canterbury in 1891.

Although notice of resumption had been served on Mr. Clissold in July, 1891, no claim for compensation had been made by Mr. Clissold within the statutory 90 days. The respondents claimed that Mr. Clissold had at the time entered into an agreement with the Department of Public Instruction that his claim for compensation be deferred Until his defective title to the land was cleared up but departmental records did not bear this out. Details appear in no. 36 of 1905.

2/7/08. Facilities for cookery classes were set up in the Church of England hall.

8/5/11.Permission was granted for the afternoon lessons to begin at 1,30 p.m. instead of 2 p.m., due to train travel arrangements.

1/1/13. Canterbury Public School was raised to class 1 and a separate infants department was established.

The World War I War Memorial in front of the building on the left indicates this photograph of Canterbury Public School 38 Church Street, Canterbury was shot after 1918.
23/2/14. An evening domestic science course was approved, and day classes in domestic science established for school children.

29/7/15. Further construction costing £3)411/13/1 (four extra rooms) was completed. A seventh class began in the girls’ department.

14/7/17. The P. & C. Association was advised that the establishment of an Intermediate High has been deferred for the duration of the war, due to shortages of finance, materials and teachers.

1918. Canterbury Public School donations to war effort appeals had included £530 subscribed in 1918, and donations of clothing to War Chest, etc.

7/2/19. The school was connected to the Ashfield telephone exchange.

5/8/20. The Department of Public Instruction approved plans for the erection of a Soldiers’ Memorial in the school grounds.

24/9/20. A new wing of ten infants' classrooms added to the girls' department, so replacing scattered temporary classrooms. The cost was £6,103/12/-

1921. The school was connected with the sewer.

20/11/25. A new building to house the boys' department was completed at a cost of£9,543.

1930. The average enrolment was 591 (girls' dept.)

1931. A Domestic Science building was completed at a cost of £30,925 to house 644 pupils. Two cottages were demolished in late 1930 to make way for the new building. Enrolments had by then reached 644 domestic science, 546 boys, 588 girls, and 466 infants.


LIST OF TEACHERS

Name Date appointed

George Wenholz March, 1878

Robert B. Parry 28th September, 1882

George Dart 5th May, 1905

Canterbury Public teachers 1920
John B. Byrne 22nd January, 1908

W. Cunningham August, 1911

Mark Henry 3rd October, 1911

William Smith 7th February, 1917

Ernest Rourke 1st May, 1917

Warwick Clarke 22nd May, 1925

Alf Reynolds 11th April, 1928

Frank Wigg 17th November, 1932

William Henderson 5th December, 1938

Thomas Mitchell 17th November, 1939

Erick W. Shields 3rd December, 1942

Patrick O’Farrell 16th December, 1943

Ernest W. Bray 7th March, 1946

William H. Landy 28th January, 1958

Thomas Mullen 31st January, 1961

Raymond Durham 28th January, 1964


(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.9)

LOUIS CARNEGY AULDJO

My father, Louis Carnegy Auldjo, lived in Victoria Street, Ashfield, from 1896 to his death in 1951. In those days Canterbury district was mostly open spaces and we could walk through to Cooks River near Canterbury Race Course in a few minutes, as there were few houses to impede us then.

My father was Chief Draftsman at Morts Dock, Balmain, for a number of years. I understood at that time that Mr. Mort was anxious to perfect shipboard refrigeration for the transportation of meat to the United Kingdom, but to that date all his efforts had been to no avail. When my father entered the firm of Mort & Co., he had the task of perfecting the refrigeration project. So great was his success in this field, it could be said that it was he who pioneered our meat export trade to England.

Whilst at Mort's Dock, Louis Auldjo designed the fastest ferry steamer on the harbour during those early days of the 1900’s. The ferry was called "Narrabeen" and replaced the old paddle boats used by the Manly Ferry Co. He also designed the equipment and supervised the installation of electricity in the Sydney Town Hall when it was changed over from Gas Light. My father’s engineering achievements were many and varied. He supervised the building of a bridge near Windsor, he designed (a) machinery for the G.P.O., (b) for the elimination of smoke from chimneys (c) for filling bottles at the brewery; and bakers’ ovens as well as numerous other items which are in common usage to this day and will be superseded only by automation.

In his later years he joined the firm of Hoskins & Son, Lithgow, where he re-designed their steel furnaces and improved their steel so much so, that the Small Arms Factory at Lithgow was glad to buy steel from Hoskins. Previously, they had imported it.

The firm progressed so much that the Australian Iron & Steel at Port Kembla was established and my father helped with the designing and lay-out of all the new buildings there. B. H. P. at Newcastle was glad to amalgamate with them, as their steel was so good.

The above is an extract from a letter written to the Society by Mrs. E.V. Hops, of Victoria St. Ashfield

(C.D.H.S.J. S1 No. 1.)

EXTRACT FROM "Sydney Morning Herald" ,1888, THE SYDNEY AND SUBURBAN MUNICIPALITIES XX. CANTERBURY

Jessamine - Hurlstone Park. This substantial rendered masonry house was constructed about 1880 on the Canterbury Estate.
Canterbury, although one of the earliest settled suburbs, was not incorporated until March 17, 1879. The borough includes Belmore, Moorfields and Kingsgrove, and is bounded on the south by West Botany, on the north by Ashfield, on the east by Petersham and Marrickville, and on the west by George’s River. Its area is twelve square miles, and it is divided into three wards- NorthWard, East Ward, and West Ward.

Everything about this municipality appears to be somewhat old-fashioned. The houses are widely scattered, and seldom of modern construction, and the majority of the roads and footpaths remind one very much of the country lanes in out-of-the-way places in England. Nor does there appear to be any intention to alter existing arrangements in other respects. The inhabitants, for instance, do not desire to have water brought into their houses. There would be little difficulty in extending the Nepean supply into portions of the borough, but the ratepayers argue that they have their wells and tanks, and that when these fail they can fall back upon Cook’s River, all of which are free of cost. The latter source of supply, too, is inexhaustible; the water from the old sugar works to Druitt Town, a distance of between four and five miles, being perfectly fresh, and fit for household purposes. The borough is unconnected with the main sewerage system. The sanitary condition is excellent, not a single case of typhoid fever having occurred during the last eight years.

Of the 75 miles of streets, only about 10 miles have been metalled, 25 are partially formed, and 40 are merely pegged out but not otherwise improved. The total length of footpaths kerbed and guttered is somewhere about two miles, but little asphalting has been done. The width of the thoroughfares ranges from 30ft. to 100ft., and only the principal ones have been aligned. The amount of unoccupied land is very great. The council employs 27 men regularly in carrying out public improvements. There are at present some important contracts in hand for stone culverts. The lighting arrangements can scarcely be looked on as satisfactory, seeing that there are only 25 public lamps in a borough containing some 12 square miles.

Canterbury Town Hall constructed approx. 1888-1898
Canterbury Park, which is opposite the race course, was purchased by the Government for the purpose of a public reserve at a cost of £250 per acre. It has an area of 20 acres, and is vested in trustees. The Government have also voted £200 for improving it, but little has been done so far in this respect. The only water frontage is that to Cook’s River, which runs through the Centre of the borough. The Municipal Chamber, or "Canterbury State House" as it is facetiously termed, is about one of the ugliest and most inconvenient buildings imaginable. It is sombre enough for a morgue, but it would do equally well as a large family vault. At one time, not so very long ago, it was used as a church. Certainly its present use is about the last one would have thought of adapting it to. Built in the early days of the colony, it is a dull, heavy-looking stone building, consisting of one room only, about 25ft. by 15ft, In this single apartment the council conduct their municipal business and hold their meetings; the council clerk uses it as his office, and keeps all his records in it; and as it contains a free public library the general public use it as a reading room. The library is open daily, and the "reading room" two mornings and four evenings weekly. The building is situated in Minter Street, at the extreme end of the borough, although it is in the Centre of population. Tenders have been accepted, however, for a new town hall, on a site at the corner of Canterbury-road and Canton-street, It will, when finished according to the plans, be an imposing structure, and will contain, besides the usual municipal offices, a public hall 47ft, by 30ft., and a free library (public) and reading-room. There is no fire brigade connected with the municipality. The few industries carried on in the borough consist of fell mongering, brickmaking, and tanning.

The total number of houses, few of which are of a superior description, is 450 - a remarkably small number for such a large area - the number of ratepayers is about 1000.

The capital value of the rateable property is estimated as follows:

North Ward, £98,200; East Ward, £158,710; West Ward £205,480; total, £462,390. The total assessed value of the above is:- North Ward, £10,84l 10s.; Eastward, £12,184 10s.; West Ward, £l3,533 - total, £36,559. The rates levied are - general, 1s in the £; lighting, 3d.; the latter being payable only in those localities which are lighted by public lamps. The total revenue of the council during the last financial year, including the Government endowment of 10s. on ordinary rates, as well as special grants, amounted to £3696; the total expenditure during the same period was £4192. The sum of £7000 is to be shortly raised on loan for purposes of public Improvements:

The following gentlemen were the mayors years named:-


John Sproule 1879

John C, Sharpe 1880-1881

Thos. Austin Davis 1882-1883

Benjamin Taylor l884-1885

James Slocombe 1886

Thos. Austin Davis 1887

Mr. Hector M. Innes is council clerk.


(C.D.H.S.J. S1 No. 9.)

ST. PAUL'S CHURCH CANTERBURY

Submitted by The Rev. N. G. Robinson, B.A. Th.L.


Painting by Conrad Martens of St Paul's Church of England, Canterbury, 1865.
"St. Paul’s Church at Canterbury, New South Wales, was commenced in the month of June, A.D. 1858. The corner stone was laid on August 16. The Church was completed in October, 1859. The Church, together with the land on which it stands, was presented to the lord Bishop of the Diocese, Dr. F. Barker, in trust for the Church of England, by Miss Sophia Ives Campbell.”

So begins the Minute Book of the Parish of St. Paul, Canterbury. It is an important page in the story of Canterbury. The Rev. Richard Johnson, first Chaplain of the Colony, was the first settler in Canterbury and gave the place its name. He received a land grant of 100 acres on May 20,1793, and a further grant of 50 acres on September 15, 1796, These grants being known as Canterbury Vale. On October 5, 1799, a further grant of 200 acres was made available to him. Robert Campbell was another settler in Canterbury, at Canterbury House. John, Robert, Charles, George and Frederick Streets were named after his sons.

Their sister, Miss Sophia Ives Campbell of Delegate station, provided the £1 ,841/19/6 needed for the building of St. Paul’s and on its Consecration on April 12, 1860, made a further donation of £2,000 as endowment. The Church was designed by the well known architect, Mr. Blacket, and as Mr. Greenwood says in his book..” It is of its kind an architectural gem, and of great beauty”. Seating is provided for approximately 150 people, the Church being 23’ wide and 59’ long inside measurements.

Originally the roof was of shingles, then slate (about 1880) and now of grey concrete tiles; the plaque commemorating this re-roofing was unveiled by the late Archbishop of Sydney, the Most Rev. H. K. W. Mowll, on August 10, 1958.

The first Incumbent was the Rev. Percy Jennings Smith, (1860—1868), then came the Rev. James Carter, D.D U.D„ (1870-1905), then the Rev. Richard Heffernan (1906-1926).

The Rev. (later Bishop) G. A. Chambers M. A. B. Ec. was Acting Rector 1926-28, the Rev. David Creighton (1928-30), the Rev. E. C. Knox (1930-33), the Rev. 0, S. Fleck, Th. Schol. (1933-37), the Rev. W. N. Rook, Th. L. (1937-49) the Rev. R. A. O’Brien (1949-57) and the Rev. N. G.Robinson B.A. Th.L from 1957, have been the Rectors of the Parish. The interior fittings and appearance of the Church , have altered over the years. The furnishings were originally of Cedar, but of these apparently only the pulpit remains. In 1930, a new altar of light oak was installed, and in 1933 the reredos was built and erected by the late Mr. B. 0. Crook, a fine example of his work.

The pipe organ was dedicated on June 21, 1939, by Bishop Picher. It is understood that the organ was formerly owned by the Lutheran Church, Melbourne.

The East Window, depicting the Martyrdom of St. Paul is a World War II Memorial and was unveiled on Sept. 3, 1950, and murals which had been completed under the direction of the Rev. R. A. O’Brien were dedicated. The name of the Church was repainted in 1951.

New pews were placed in the Church by various interested people, mostly as memorials and were dedicated on April 26, 1953. As mentioned earlier, a new roof was given in 1958. New carpeting has been supplied. In 1964, fluorescent lighting was installed with felicitous results.These, and many other material changes have shown that the Church is not something to be thought of as merely a museum, but as a living and growing Body, which, while keeping a firm grounding in what is past is looking forward to the future with confidence and faith.

St Paul's Church of England Schoolhouse on Canterbury Road, which opened in 1861
The Kindergarten Hall, fronting Canterbury Road, was built in 1861, from material left over from the Church. Additions have been added to the earlier building. The War Memorial Parish Hall, well known to many besides Anglicans in Canterbury, was built and dedicated in 1955 (Dec. 4), and can seat over 500 people. These have been the Centres of much of the social life of the Parish.

We can be grateful for what we receive from the past, from our founders and benefactors who have provided not only the idea and inspiration for what we now enjoy, but also have labored in the heat of the noon-day. Australians are becoming aware of the fact that we have a past, and can be proud of those who laid the foundations and commenced the building for us.

The most fitting memorial we can give to them - the known and the unknown is to build and improve on what we have received and not be content with enjoying it or merely preserving it.

The full story of St. Paul’s is given in Mr. E. Greenwood’s "St. Paul’s Canterbury, the Story of a Parish", published by St. Paul’s. "The Spirit of Wharf House", by Charles Newman, (Angus & Robertson) gives the story of the Campbell Family.

(C.D.H.S.J. S1 No.1)

COMMENT: Rev. Richard Johnson was given the first land grant at Canterbury, but he did not settle there. Robert Campbell later purchased the Canterbury Estate, but again he was not a settler. Canterbury House was not built until after Robert Campbell’s death.

B.J.M

EARLY CAMPSIE AND CANTERBURY

Beamish Street, including W. F. Butler’s office, 1908
As I am a resident of the suburb of Earlwood and have lived in the district of Canterbury for many years I would like to contribute this small article retailing my recollections of the early days of this district.

I was born on the Pines Estate, Newtown in 1898. With my parents I moved to Campsie in 1906 and in 1912 left, to return again later. When I was eight years old, there were a number of weatherboard cottages scattered over the area, but few shops. In Beamish Street there were exactly four shops between the Station and Canterbury Road. They were W. F. Butler’s small office on the corner where Station House now stands. On the opposite side of the street, between Anglo Rd. and Amy Street, there was a large weather board dwelling and shop occupied by Mr. Shearer who kept the general store. This shop was destroyed by fire in 1911. Mr. Sandvoss, the baker, occupied the building next door on the Canterbury Road side. Between Unara Street and Canterbury Road, Mr. Thorn (or Thorne) kept a produce store.

Beamish Street at that time was an earthen road, furrowed by cart wheels and there was no kerb or guttering. Canterbury Road was macadamized and the footpath was paved. The gutters were not lined and therefore became very deep. The area enclosed by the Railway, Cook’s River, Canterbury Road and Una Street, was vacant grass land.

On Canterbury Road opposite Beamish Street there was a large pea garden. Its boundaries were Mr. Quigg's property (Canterbury Road), Northcote Street and where Cross Street is now. When the peas were ready for picking, men, women and children turned up with buckets made from kerosene tins I can still visualise them with their broad straw hats, women in long skirts and men in long trousers. (There were no such things as slacks for women and shorts for men in those days).

In the vicinity of Earne (Wearne?) Street, Mr.Nelligan had a dairy.

The only public schools I knew of then were Canterbury Superior School, in Church Street, Canterbury: Moorefields School in Moorefields Road; and from about 1909 an Infants’ School in the present location in Campsie. Canterbury School then was a stone gable roofed building which is still standing, but an alteration has been made to four of its windows, which have been enlarged into a modern design.

This was the big boys’ school. There was also a weatherboard building containing four rooms which stood on the lower site of the stone building, and, further down than that, and in the corner of the grounds, stood a cottage, the headmaster’s residence. On the other side of the stone building stood the girls' school, a red brick building, still standing with its later additions, Moorefields School was built of stone similar to that of Canterbury. The only church school that I can remember was the Catholic School in Evaline Street, Campsie, from about 1918.

POST OFFICE

In 1906 and for some time afterwards the Post Office was in Mr. Shearer's premises, Beamish Street, Campsie. Postage cost one penny.

NURSING & AMBULANCE SERVICES

The only qualified nurse that I can recall was Mrs. Woodford of Stanley Street, Campsie. The ambulance station a weatherboard and corrugated iron construction housing a two wheel litter, was situated in North Parade. The St. Johns Ambulance attendant did not live on the premises.

FIRE STATION

In 1906 there was no Fire Station in Campsie and in the event of a fire the engines came from outside the district. The first Fire Station in Campsie that I can recall was a weatherboard construction on the present site. It was equipped with a reel, which consisted of two large wheels on an axle with two short shafts with a cross bar at the end. On the axle was a reel on which hoses were wound. When the Station received a call, two firemen got between the shafts, and one or two as the case might be ran behind the reel.

TRAINS

Campsie station in 1911
In 1906 and for a long time afterwards there were only two trains in each direction between Sydney and Belmore, which was the end of the line then, between morning and afternoon peak hours. The trains were made up of a tank engine and five American-type cars, all of which are still in existence. The engines were the "E" and "S" class, now known as "Z20" and "C30" respectively. The coaches were of the Clerestory roof type, fitted with rattan upholstering.

Vehicles were mostly horse drawn during this periods tip drays, spring-carts, the pantechnicon, sulkies, buggies, waggonettes, sociables, drags, hansoms or broughams.

Mr. Treleaven was the bread carter, who at that stage served us with bread. One day he came and told us that he intended to leave his job and take on carrying. Now it is a very large firm indeed.

There were all these services in Campsie between the years 1906 and 1912 except a blacksmith and a laundry and a dentist. The nearest blacksmith was at Canterbury and the dentist was at Newtown. At this time Mr. Draper opened a shop at the corner of Wonga Street, he kept a general kind of business where almost anything could be bought. Mr. Draper later became Mayor of Canterbury.

HOTELS

During these years, I knew of only three hotels in the Canterbury Districts "The George", corner of Canterbury Road and Kingsgrove Road (then Sharp Street), the "Woolpack" at Canterbury and the "Sunrise Hotel", also at Canterbury.(Rising Sun).

STREETS

Streets in Canterbury District were lit by gas.

MUSIC

Campsie had a town band at this time. It began its performance at the end of the business Centre near Claremont Street, working its way down Beamish Street till it reached about where Traversi Jones shop is now. This was on Saturday nights, for that was the late shopping night then.

CANTERBURY RACE COURSE had one grandstand only then. School sports were mostly held in the grounds.

COOK'S RIVER

Cook's River was narrower then than it is to-day; there was a prolific growth of reeds on both banks. Chinese gardens occupied the area between Close Street and Hutton's factory. At this time the factory consisted of the old "Sugar House" with the annex on the river side where pigs were slaughtered. There were pig pens where the canteen and office now stands.
The Sugar House


At the end of Karool Avenue there was a dam which was removed at the time of the dredging of the river. Where the reserve is now at the lower end of Karool Avenue there is buried the remains of the old wool wash. At the time of dredging the river was widened, and its banks lined with concrete from Karool Avenue all the way to its source. I have no recollection of trees lining Cook's River, except where North Earlwood borders the river; this area was covered in scrub, ti-tree and small eucalypts. The area between the railway, Foord Avenue, the River and Huttons factory was the site of a number of shanties built of flattened galvanized iron and kerosene tins with a liberal use of old bags white washed. They were removed before 1920.

There was a piggery where the junction of Prince Edward and Permanent Avenues is now, it was removed when the land was subdivided for sale. The present bridge over the River at Wardell Road was constructed in 1924 and was the FIRST MONOLITHIC Bridge to be built in Australia. The footbridge at Karool Avenue is monolithic structure also. The bridge over the River at Canterbury Road was in those days a narrow structure of timber supported on stone piers, the footpath was fenced off from the road. I do not recall any traffic on the River other than rowboating. I have seen the River in flood many times prior to the dredging of the River, when all the low lying land was submerged and flood waters were backed up into the low parts of Marrickville.

The districts bordering Canterbury in the early years of this century were much in the same condition as Canterbury. I recall, in 1910 I believe, a serious tram accident at Burwood two steam trams had stopped side by side for the purpose of changing the staff, when No. 82a’s boiler exploded, wrecking both engines and killing both drivers. On Sundays, my father and a neighbour would take us boys for a walk across the pea garden and on to Bexley North, just below Wolli Creek. There stands a stone cottage between Bardwell Park and Bexley North; attached to this cottage was what seemed to us a large area of land, a picturesque setting.

Here we were given a piece of honey comb, which we thought made the day, and the journey really worthwhile. The scene has completely changed, but the cottage still stands.

There was a Redoxide Hill on Wolli Creek, the last time I saw it was in 1924. There were few buildings in these areas at that time. Poultry keeping seemed to be a popular hobby those, days.

At the corner of Marlowe Street and Beaumont Street, Mr. Frost lived. He had a small weatherboard workshop where he repaired cycles and motor bikes, which he would, to the annoyance of all his neighbors, trial run up and down Mar Lowe Street. The teenagers in those days were similar to their brothers and sisters of these days, they did not have the same scope, and, with the change of times there has been a change of outlook, of people in general, so many things are now done that would have been frowned on then. Again, there have been two world wars with their demoralizing effect. This is an immense subject and too greatly involved for these pages of oar history. As for myself, I am an ordinary citizen whose father’s parents came from Glasgow, Scotland, and were of the Bruce Clan. My mother, with her parents, came from Gloucester when she was five years old. They travelled by sailing boat taking six months to complete the journey.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.5) (The writer's name is not given in the original article.)

Lakemba Magnet Theatre|THE MAGNET THEATRE, LAKEMBA

An extract from the Sydney Morning Herald, dated 12th December, 1928, p. 11d.

Interior of the Magnet Theatre, Lakemba, 1936
The New Magnet Theatre at Lakemba is a brick structure recently completed with the main front facing Haldon Street. Unusual planning had to be adopted as the grade slopes up to what is usually the stage end, and the orthodox position of the main entrance and the stage at opposite ends would have needed an enormous excavation to obtain the required slope to the stalls floor.

The architects, however, used a design with the main entrance vestibule at Haldon Street, with the stage at the same end, utilising the rising ground as the slope of the stalls, the approaches to the stalls and circle being made on the side of the auditorium.

To overcome the feeling of diffidence that some patrons feel on entering a hall facing the seats, the outer proscenium was designed with a wide sweep which causes the entrances to seem quite a distance from the stage. Following the latest custom, the vestibule is shielded from wind and dust by wide plate glass doors, and is treated with tall maple paneling, enriched with a deep blue and gold figured paper, the cream and gold walls are set off by two handsome chandeliers.

On the right, a short flight of marble steps gives quick access to the front stalls section, and on the other side a similar stair arrives at a broad landing, with a corridor to the back stalls and grand staircase leading to the dress circle. The interior to the auditorium is spacious, but the most striking feature is the apparent intimacy of the circle and stage, a feature desired by all picture theatre proprietors.

The ceiling is in celotex and fibrous plaster, with pierced patterns rendered dustproof with material according to the health rules, through which soft blue lighting is shed downwards.

The seating capacity is for two thousand, more than a third of which are circle seats, wide and upholstered in rich figured material.

The lighting is by the direct method, selected by the proprietor, Mr. Arthur Britz, as being decorative as well as necessary, each large fitting containing four colour light circuits, enabling a number of changes and effects to be made often in co-operation with the orchestra.

After the architects, Messrs. Kaberry and Chard, and the builder, Mr. E. Barnett, of Homebush, had completed their work at a cost of approximately £15,000, many individual touches were added by the owner in the furnishings, which enhance the beauty of the theatre. The capital outlay represented by the building, seating, furnishings, lighting and land, is in the region of £27,000.

(C.D.H.S.J. S1 No.5)

(Photograph of interior of theatre also in the newspaper)

CROYDON PARK PUBLIC SCHOOL,1886 to 1940

Agitation for the establishment of a public school at Croydon Park was commenced in 1883 , but it was not until 1885 that the Department decided to establish the school. The necessity for the school had been brought about by the rapid growth of the settlements known as Croydon Park, Rosedale, Green Hill and Suttonville. It was shown that there were about 150 children of school age residing within half a mile of the proposed site, and that the majority of these children were compelled to attend the neighbouring schools at Enfield, Ashfield, Croydon and Burwood.

The site selected for the school formed part of the Brighton Estate owned by Mr Thomas Austin. Two acres of this site, part of lot 67 with a frontage to George's River Road, were resumed in June 1885 at a cost of £1,518. On this land a plain brick building, capable of accommodating 150 pupils, was erected, the estimated cost being £1,300. The contractor for the work was Mr. R. C. Scott, and the building was completed in January 1886. Teaching operations were then commenced, the first principal being Mr. John Dart. By the end of that year the enrolment comprised 156 pupils.

In 1889 a contract was entered into with Messrs. Williams and Clymer for the erection of a residence. Comprising five rooms, plus a kitchen, pantry, bathroom and storeroom, the house was completed in December at a cost of £600. The following year Mr. J. A. Oag undertook the erection of a new infants' building and two weather sheds. Completed in November for the sum of £750, the new building was officially opened by the Minister for Public Instruction, The school then comprised two departments, namely primary and infants', with a staff of six teachers.

On 28th October 1891 the principal, Mr. Dart, sent the following letter to the Department. He wrote:

"I have the honor to request that the following modification in Routine may be allowed viz, that instead of 2 p.m. to 4 p.m., 1.30 p.m. to 3.30 p.m. may be substituted, the morning remaining as at present viz, 9.30 to 12.30."In support of this application, I beg to point out that the dairying industry, which prevails in this locality, necessitates children leaving school earlier than 4 p.m.


"2. The parents of the school being either poor or hardworking and the “ bush" at hand, children are required early "to get wood".

"3. Croydon Park being without shops, children are required to go Burwood, Croydon, Ashfield or Summerhill for groceries, meat etc.

“4. Several of the pupils living at a distance in "the 'bush" must leave before 4.

"5. The recently opened tram (Ashfield to Enfield) passes the school door at 3.45, and would be of service to those teachers living in Sydney were the application now made granted".

The application was sanctioned and the school routine altered as requested. Mr. Dart was granted leave of absence early in 1897 after his son had become ill with scarlet fever. This was the second time Mr. Dart had been on leave within six months, the other occurrence being when his eldest daughter died after a short illness.

Painting and repairs to the school were carried out by Mr. W. Evans in January 1899 for the sum of £129. Two years .after an application was made for the establishment of an Evening Public School at Croydon Park. As the minimum attendance was guaranteed to be maintained, and Mr. Charles Sullivan was willing to act as teacher, the application was approved and the school came into operation shortly afterwards.

A request to have Croydon Park raised to Superior Public School status was made by the Hon. Varney Parkes, M.L.A. in January 1910. He pointed out that the Enfield Municipal Council and the local residents supported him in the request, is many pupils had to travel long distances to Canterbury or Burwood in order to receive education at a Superior Public School. Mr. Senior Inspector Parkinson was of the opinion, lowever, that the surrounding Superior Public School at Burwood, Canterbury, Ashfield and Croydon already met the requirements of the district. In addition, as there were only eleven boys and five girls enrolled in the fifth class at Croydon Park, he recommended that the request be declined.

After some consideration the inspector's recommendation was approved and Mr. Parkes informed accordingly.

Class photo 1912-1913
Increasing enrolments necessitated the erection of two wooden temporary classrooms in 1912. This failed to alleviate the accommodation problem, however, and a double pavilion classroom was erected in 1914 by Mr. Frank Vernon. The cost amounted to £244. The following year a contract was entered into with Messrs. Dinham and Bidgood for the remodeling of the original school buildings and the erection of a new two storey brick building. The latter comprised ten classrooms, each capable of accommodating 48 pupils, hat rooms and staff rooms. The work was completed in December at a total cost of £5,836.

A recommendation regarding the establishment of a girls' department at Croydon Park was made in June 1917 by Mr. Inspector Walker. He wrote:

"In the Croydon Park Primary Department the enrolment on 31st May ultimo was Boys 261 Girls 281, Total 542. The school is at present organized in 10 classes; for the accommodation of these there are 10 modern rooms, five on the first floor and five on the ground floor. In July after promotions from the Infant School it may be necessary to put a class in one of the sheds. "During my recent inspection of this school I was convinced that the separation of the sexes and the establishment of a Girls' Department are desirable, and that such an arrangement would be beneficial to the elder girls who seem to require the guidance and influence of a capable woman. I recommend that a Girls' Department be established, and that, if practicable, a Mistress be appointed during the forthcoming vacation”.

The Inspector's recommendation was approved and a girls' department established at the end of 1917. Miss Mitchell was the first mistress. The school was closed for several months in 1919 owing to the influenza epidemic.

During that time the school was used as a hospital, while the residence served as nurses' quarters. Several of the teachers assisted at the hospital and one infants teacher, Miss Buckley, caught influenza herself and died. The school was re-opened on 26th August.

Additional land was acquired for school purposes in 1920. Assisting of nearly four perches, the land had previously been part of Searl's Rose Garden Estate.

By May 1921 the enrolment had risen to 1,179 pupils, with 505 in the infants school. A contract was subsequently let to Mr. Fred Dinham for the erection of a two storey block of eight classrooms, with hat rooms and teachers' rooms; and the removal, re-erection and renovation of the existing weather shed. Completed in 1922, the new building cost £6,880 to erect. The occupation of the new premises terminated the lease of the Methodist Sunday School building which had been used for school purposes since May 1920.

Representations regarding the establishment of a Commercial and Domestic Science School at Croydon Park were made by the Enfield Municipal Council and the Hon. B. S. Stevens and Sir Thomas Henley, both M.L.A.'s, in December 1927. The re-presentations had been motivated by the closing of the super primary classes at Summer Hill. Mr. Staff Inspector McLachlan as of the opinion, however, that as far as Domestic Science instruction was concerned the decision to make the new school t Queen Street, Burwood, a Central Domestic Science School or girls only, would be the means of providing adequate accommodation for all pupils desiring this form of instruction within reasonable distance of Burwood. Moreover, a Domestic science School was in operation at Canterbury, and any pupils who could not reach Burwood conveniently could be catered for here. As Bankstown was also a Domestic Science School the inspector pointed out that for these reasons the constitution of Croydon Park as a super-primary school for girls was not warranted.

With regard to boys, he stated that only twenty boys would be available for commercial work from Croydon Park in 928. The Commercial Schools which could be attended by boys “from Croydon Park and district were at Dulwich Hill, Stanmore, Petersham, Lidcombe and Bankstown, and ample accommodation was available at these schools.

In view of the small number of boys offering for the course and the fact that no accommodation was available at Croydon Park, he also did not recommend the application for the provision of a commercial course. The interested parties were therefore informed that the application could not be entertained as the educational needs of all children in the vicinity of Croydon Park who required commercial or domestic science instruction were well served by existing super -primary schools within reasonable access of their homes.

A double portable classroom was removed from Hurstville South and re-erected at Croydon Park by the Furniture Workshops during October 1928. The cost amounted to £88.5.11.

The following year at tender was accepted from Mr. A. Hitchcoe for the erection of a new girls' school. The decision to build the school had been brought about by the overcrowded state of the existing buildings and the fact that a number of classes were accommodated in portable rooms. Comprising eight classrooms, an assembly hall, hat rooms and staff rooms, the new building was officially opened by Hon. B. S. Stevens on 15th November. The Parents and Citizens' Association arranged a fete on the same day in order to raise funds for school purposes.

Agitation for the provision of manual training facilities at Croydon Park was commenced towards the end of this same year. After some consideration the Department agreed to the representations and a contract was subsequently let to Messrs. Abbey and Catterall for the erection of a manual training building, measuring 22 feet by 58 feet. The work was completed in May 1930 at a cost of £976.7.7. Croydon Park then became a manual training Centre, providing instruction for sixth class boys from the public, schools at Croydon Park, South Strathfield, Enfield and Ashbury.

Secondary Classes were commenced at Croydon Park at the beginning of 1933.The school was then designated a Commercial Super-primary School, although it still retained the primary and infants' departments. Besides commercial subjects, science was also added to the curriculum. A single portable classroom was removed from Ashfield and re-erected at Croydon Park in March 1933. The new room was required in order to accommodate an additional 140 pupils who were being directed from Stanmore to Croydon Park to ease the position of the former school in regard to accommodation and instruction in manual training and science.

The work was undertaken by the Furniture Workshops for the sum of £37.10.11. A stage was erected in the assembly hall of the girls1 apartment in 1938. The Painting and Repair Staff carried it-the work, while the Parents and Citizens’ Association defrayed the cost of materials.

LIST OF HEADMASTERS.

Name Date appointed

John Dart 29/3/1886

James Dunlop 10/1 /1914

Alfred Uren 6/12/1926

Arthur Ralph 17/11/1932

James Hanney 2/2/1943

Donald Neil 29/1/1952

Robert Hunt 1/2/1955

Arthur Moodie 28/1/1964


(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No,3)

(Article contributed by Historical Section, N.S.W. Dept. of Education)

GWENNY’S AUNTS

Unlike Charlies Brazilian Aunt, Gwenny’s aunts were born in Victoria Street, Ashfield.

In the middle and latter years of the last century, Ashfield and Summer Hill were regarded as the upper-middle class suburb of Sydney, Transport to and from the city presented little to no difficulty as the majority of the residents owned their own coaches, two-in-hand, sociable, or hansom and prided themselves on their stables and horsemanship.

For the daily help, there was always the horsebus that made four trips a day to and from the coast at a cost of fourpence a trip.

Cup and Saucer Creek Falls, 1901
The surrounding area was rural countryside, wide open spaces, tall gum trees and an abundance of wild flowers of infinite variety and colour, especially in the vicinity of what was then known as Forest Hill and now bears the name of EARLWOOD. The district was well-watered by household wells, the tidal Cook's River and the fast flowing Cup and Saucer Creek Falls. Vegetation was thick and plentiful.

Housing was on a grand scale with many multi-storey mansions, large and ostentatious, standing amid spacious well-kept parklands.

A change in general took place during the later years of the 1800’s. This was brought about by increase in population, the stoppage of the importation of convicts, land assistance to migrants and assisted passage for male and female, the discovery of gold in N.S.W., the formation of trade unions, better working conditions, larger wages and the opening up of other areas and a spread of settlement to the west and north of Sydney. Large estates were subdivided, upon which newer, more modern single-storey houses were being built.

It was such a house that the aunts’ parents bought in Victoria Street, Ashfield, right next door to the eminent and esteemed Dr. Chisholm. Their (the aunts’) father was an engineer and co-worker with Thomas Mort on the project of ship refrigeration. Many of the early drawings and plans used on this and other projects, drawn up by their father can be seen, on request, at the Technical Museum to this day, such was his workmanship and skill.

The two girls inherited their sire’s artistic ability. Although now past their youth they still enjoy painting, pottery making and needle work of all kinds.

Although many of the great houses of Victoria Street’s hey-day have been replaced by home-units and flats, just few remain to remind the aunts of their many childhood friends. "Conasran", the large old grey house on the rise of the hill, once the home of the parents of Bea Miles (a well-known Sydney character), "Ambleside" or better known now as THE LADY OF THE SNOWS, in Victoria street , was built by Bea Miles' grandfather as a replica Of his parents’ home in the Lakes Area, England.

The Carson’s home, of Winchombe and Carsons, a very large two storey house set back from the street has been subdivided into a number of flats; likewise the mansion that once belonged to the Thompsons, The Clissold estate is now the Home of the Good Shepherd.

Too many years have passed since the aunts and their friends strolled across the paddocks of the Dixon estate Hurlstone Park) on a quiet Sunday afternoon, their long ankle length dresses catching on the bracken or their ankle high button-up boots being wet as they carefully licked their way across the streams enroute to church.

All that is left are their few remaining years and the dreams of the yesterdays that passed far too quickly.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.5) (See also the article on Louis Carnegy Auldjo - this is the same family.)

A STORY OF EARLY MARRICKVILLE

by Mr. Harvey Hatfield


Seymour's Corner once the haunt of "blackguards." Reprined from the "Free Weekly", 21.9.61 p.13

As a lad of twelve I commenced work at Shrublands, Marrickville Road, It was then the home of Mrs. Smith, of Goodlet and Smith, earthenware pipe manufacturers.

Before starting work, I was brought up at Canterbury. There, I used to go, with about a dozen other schoolboys, on the 7.30 a.m. train from Canterbury to Marrickville every Tuesday and Friday to buy meat to last several days. We could buy half a sheep for 2/6, stewing steak at 2 ½ d. 1b., and rump steak at 4 ½ d. 1b. Marrickville in those days was the main shopping centre as far as Belmore. The trams only ran as far as Marrickville and only as far as Cook Road in slack times.

BANQUET

I saw the construction of the extension of the line to Dulwich Hill, and the opening ceremony for the extension was celebrated with a banquet in the grounds of Shrublands.

When the first three shops were built in Marrickville Road, Dulwich Hill, they were occupied by a fruiterer, grocer and draper. The fruiterer was the late Mr. Ted Cave, whose family still carry on the same business.

A prominent resident of Dulwich Hill was the late Marcus Clark. He had a property which extended from Macarthur Parade along Marrickville Road to Durham Street and to Beach Road at the rear. It was a familiar sight to see him mounted on his black charger riding to business every day.

I can remember the police station in a private cottage in Petersham Road. Inspector Stanwick was the officer in charge.

St. Clement's Church services were then held in what is now the school hall at the rear. A small hotel standing on the corner of Marrickville and Illawarra Roads was known a "The Empress of India" and was owned by Mr. Thompson.

Carmichael's "Success" Stoves had their first factory in a small tin shed where Coles’ Shoe Store now stands and from that point on, it was open paddocks to Victoria Road. There was nothing on the opposite side of the road from Frampton Avenue to the corner of Marrickville Road and Victoria Road. The name "Blackguards’ Corner", came into use because of the larrikinisms at that point of a group known as the Flat Rats.

Flooded cooks river undercliffe 1947
FLOODS

From Victoria Road to Sydenham Station was known as Tramvale, and whenever rain fell heavily for three or four days the road was deeply flooded and residents had to be rescued by the police in boats. People travelling by tram could not get off at Sydenham Road, but had to continue to Seymour's Corner.

I have seen most of the large factories built in the [strict, including Australian Woollen Mills, Globe Mills, Lears, General Motors, Malleable Castings, Fowlers Pottery id Shelleys Soft Drinks. Marrickville Margarine factory as established by Mr. C. Abel, who was proprietor of a large wholesale pastry factory in Newtown. At certain times C the year he had great difficulty in obtaining butter for his business, so he began the manufacture of margarine as substitute.

Marrickville was then a district of brick pits and numerous bakeries and dairies. Now one has to be content with block runs and no choice of milkmen. Every butcher employed a boy who rode a pony, with a basket of meat on is arm.' He would call with the meat for breakfast at 7 a.m., collect the order for dinner and deliver it before lunchtime. The greengrocer called with his cart three times week, collected orders and delivered the goods to the doorstep. The baker called every day. The "rabbit-oh" called three times a week and as many as half a dozen hawkers of fruit and vegetable every day.

What a different story today! Poor old grandmas have to trudge around the shops with perhaps two baskets and young mothers have to do their shopping and keep an eye on their children at the same time. Is this what you call progress? I don’t think so.

There was once a large hotel on the banks of Cook’s River at Undercliffe. People used to go in bus loads to enjoy picnicking on the river. There were two boat-sheds at Tempe, one at Undercliffe, one at Wardell Road and one at the dam at Canterbury.

It was a pretty sight. There were oak trees and plenty of other timber right down to the river and plenty of sites for picnic lunches. I remember my father telling that a building on the bank on the Canterbury side of the river at Undercliffe was the old toll house. Vehicles were charged one penny to cross the bridge. The only other crossing was at Canterbury Road, Canterbury, three miles away.

Another picnic site was at the foot of Garnet Street, Hurlstone Park. It was known as Starkey's, named after Mr. Starkey, who owned Gladstone Hall, which extended from Ewart Street to the banks of the river. Another old hotel stood where the ambulance station is now. It was known as Donohues, and near it was a hundred yards cinder track. Quoits were also played there every Saturday afternoon. In 1905, I drove the first resident doctor, Doctor Curtis Hodgson, to start a practice in Dulwich Hill.

Two of the oldest shops carried on by the same families are Robert Harris’ (jewellers) and Broadley’s shoe store (Mr. Stan Reynolds). I was well acquainted with Mr. Jack Purdy, who was reported to be the first white child to be born in Marrickville. The property now occupied by the militia in Addison Road was known as Purdy's Estate.

A large area of land facing Agar Street to Newington Road was worked as a market garden by Chinese, and another area from the railway bridge in Livingston Road to Warren Road, was also a market garden owned and worked by a Mr. Moncur, after whom Moncur Street was named. Letters were mostly delivered on horseback, but Charlie Davison, Jim Gleeson, George Russell, Bill Stuanton and Len Attwell did the local shops on foot. Mr. R. G. Brereton, who built two shops in Marrickville in 1885 and opened a chemist shop, was known throughout the whole district for his advice and care of the poor and sick. He had a bigger practice than any medical man of that day.

I remember well the turning of the first sod of the railway line from Sydenham to Belmore. On that occasion they roasted a whole bullock, and had a greasy pig chase and a greasy pole at the top of which was a rooster in a bag as a prize.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.6.)

LAKEMBA

The suburb, which we now know by the name of Lakemba, was comparatively undeveloped until the beginning of this century. Before that, much of Lakemba was forest country, Dean’s tannery in Wangee Road was one of the early industries. Charcoal burners were at work and the product was used in the manufacture of hand made bricks at a small brick- yard. Mr. C. Brank looked after a nursery owned by Horton’s, the seed merchants of Sydney. A poultry farm and piggery as carried on land opposite the present Roman Catholic church at Lakemba, and a dressed sucking pig could be purchased there for 10/-. Poultry farms were also located elsewhere in the district.

Land where Haldon Street now runs could have been bought for £45 an acre. The land near Binnarong Road and Yangoora Avenue is said to have been the site of an aboriginal camp. The first Congregational Church was commenced at Essex Hill in 1880, and a school was established in 1878, originally known as Belmore, and then Belmore South, before being renamed Lakemba Public School.

The railway line was built to Belmore in 1895, and extended to Bankstown in 1909. A photograph taken when the line was opened shows the land around Lakemba station covered with scrub and timber, with a few scattered houses.

Mr Ben Taylor was an entomologist, who built a wooden home at the corner of Oneata and Lakemba Streets. Later, he moved to a house, which was called Lakemba, at the corner of the Boulevarde and Haldon Street, and this name was given to the railway station and area. Although Taylor owned a large portion of Lakemba, he did not benefit by the rise in and values which followed, as he sold before land prices appreciated.

The first shopkeeper in Lakemba was Mr. Allaway, who sold his shop to Mr Foster. Mr Playford was the first milkman, and Allan Brothers had the first bakery, which was in Liverpool Road. Two other early shops were Gabb's butchery, and Hardy’s grocery shop.

After the opening of the railway, Lakemba began to develop. Land values in the district appreciated considerably. The Lonnard Estate, opposite Wiley Park, was sold 6/- a foot. In the shopping Centre, land bought for £8 per foot was sold a couple of times in a month, and the price paid by the last buyer was £30 per foot. In another case, property bought for £19 per foot was sold soon after wards for £40 per foot. Shops were built, and sold quickly.

Several bus services were begun, to connect Lakemba with nearby districts. These were originally private services, but were taken over later by the Road Transport Department.

The post office, formerly known as South Belmore, was renamed Lakemba in 1910, A Golf Club was farmed about 1912, and a nine hole course was laid out on the ground between Hillcrest Street and Rosemount Avenue, which had been used by the Fire Brigade as a rest paddock for its horses. This course was used for about three years, and the land was then subdivided. In 1915, an "up-to-date Picture Show" was opened near Lakemba Street. This was, of course, an open air theatre.

Workmen digging up and erecting formwork on the road in preparation for concreting in Haldon Street, Lakemba.
About 1920, Lakemba business people included John Holland, grocer, James Crannery, grocer, Clarkes, chemist, George Broughton, land and estate agent. Nurse Wright had a maternity hospital at the corner of Railway and Haldon Streets. By 1922, a Chamber of Commerce existed at Lakemba. In October of that year, the Chamber pointed out to Canterbury Council that Haldon Street had become a busy shopping centre, and asked that it be numbered. In 1932, the Chamber suggested the tar paving of Haldon Street from kerb to kerb, as it was an important thoroughfare.

Much development took place in the 1930's, and land, which in the 1920’s could have been bought for £50 per block, was, by 1950, worth £350 to £400, and no doubt is worth a great deal more today.

Lakemba’s growth had been marked, of course, by the development of many of the amenities of a comfortable suburb. Many more churches and schools have been opened in the area.

A Fire Station was opened in 1921, and a continuous supply of water was guaranteed by the erection of the Canary Road Reservoir in 1929. Street lighting, garbage collection and sanitary services were available as soon as the area, could support them, and many modern improvements have taken place since World War 11, including libraries, new baby health centres, and the development of parks and public reserves. During the last few years, older homes have been replaced by small blocks of flats and units, and so another change in the character of the area is beginning, and will be helped by: the greater access to the area given by improved roads, the widening of the Haldon Street Bridge, and the long awaited one at Moreton Street.

With acknowledgment to "A History of the Municipality of Canterbury" by James Jervis. (C.D.H.S.J. S1 No,8)

EXTRACT FROM COMMONWEALTH BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS 1901

CENSUS OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. 1901 .


CANTERBURY STATISTICS,1901.

Size of area; 7,104 acres


Population

Males: 2,138

Females: 2,088

Total: 4,226

Persons per acre: 59


Age distribution

Under 21: 2,202

Over 21: 2,021

Over 70: 79 (including one woman between 90-95)

(Highest population in any age group, 35 -45: 650)


Religions

Church of England:1,938

Roman Catholic:687

Methodist:615

Presbyterian:398

Baptist:86

Congregationalist:271

Salvation Army:14

Lutheran:12

Unitarian:13

Other Christian:54

Jew:1

Buddhist, Confucian:35

Other non-Christians:6

Freethinker:4

No religion:25

Object to question:60


EXTRACT FROM;

COMMONWEALTH BUREAU OF CENSUS AND STATISTICS . CENSUS OF THE COMOWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA. 1901..


Dwellings.

Stone; 38

Brick; 322

Iron; 17

Wood slab; 491

Canvas, tents, etc. 42

Not stated; 25

Stores, offices not used as dwellings: 41

Inhabited dwellings per acres: 13

Persons per inhabited dwelling: 4.75


(9 dwellings had from 11 to 15 rooms - 51 inmates; one had over 20 rooms - 9 inmates).



Education.

Reads and writes

Males:1,617

Females:1,627



Reads only

Males:39

Females:38



Cannot read

Males:450

Females:423


Read and write (foreign)

Males: 26

Females:--


THE STORY OF WILEY PARK RAILWAY STATION.LETTER FROM MR. O. R. JOHNSEN ON THE OPENING OF WILEY PARK STATION

In March 1924 Mr R. Charlton, Mr J. Glover and I met on Wiley Avenue Railway Bridge to discuss the possibilities of the building of a railway station on that spot.

Three months later, after having made suitable enquiries, public meeting was held at the school in Wiley Avenue where it was decided to form "The Wiley Avenue Railway League".

Mr Rushworth was elected President; I was elected Vice President, and Mr Charlton, Secretary. A house to house canvas was made to estimate the number of persons who were likely to benefit by the introduction of a "Wiley Park station". Armed with facts and figures we were received by tie Railway Commissioner. Our proposal was rejected on the grounds that the required amount of £12,000 was not available. Sometime later, £3,000 was donated by public subscription without success. The money was returned to the members of the public who had made the donations and the Committee as dissolved.

After a considerable lapse of time, the Association was reformed. The Committee consisted of Mr Frew (the school master), Mr Dummit, Mr Thomas, Mr Shelly, (Secretary) and myself (President). Alderman Bramston, Mayor of Canterbury, promised if re-elected he would assist in the matter. He was re-elected and work commenced on the station. When it was completed, Alderman Stan Parry held the office of Mayor of Canterbury.

Spectators at the official opening of Wiley Park Railway Station.
The official opening of Wiley Park Station took place on 9th June, 1938. Mr Spooner (then Minister for Local Government) was the guest of honour; I acted as chairman. There were many representatives from local organisations, including full representation from the Canterbury Council. The function as held in the Girls’ School, Wiley Avenue, (King Georges Road). The commissioner promised to beautify the platform with garden beds and the Council to beautify the outside, There were two garden beds parallel with the railway line; on the west side of King Georges Road, Charlton Square and on the west side, Johnsen Square.

Due to the efforts of Mr Stephenson and Mr Turner, no represented West Ward in Council, a piece of land belonging to the Water Board was resumed.

The strip of land was sufficient to continue the Boulevarde from Renown Avenue to King George’s Road thus linking up the Boulevarde directly with King George’s Road and bypassing Renown Avenue and Hillcrest Street which was previously used to enter King George’s Road.

In those days the nearest Girls’ High School was the St. George. There was suitable land available for the building of a High School in Lakemba, but it was owned by the Water Board and was being used as a playing field by local football clubs. With the intention of subdividing it as building blocks, Canterbury purchased it, but later sold it to the Education Department for the building of a Girls’ High School.

0. R. JOHNSEN. CHATSW00D.

(C.D.H.S.J. S. 1 No.8)

CANTERBURY DURING THE LAST THIRTY-FIVE YEARS

Submitted by S. H. Lofts, Town Clerk.


It is interesting to note the many changes which have taken place in Canterbury Municipality during the past 35 years. Following the depression, during the years 1930-1935, building development again commenced and many factories and residences were erected and it appeared that strong growth would continue. However, a setback occurred during World War II, when the erection of buildings of non-essential character were, very stringently controlled, in order to conserve manpower and materials. During this period, 1939-1944, almost the whole of the resources of this Council were directed towards the winning of the war, and the normal functions of Council were restricted to those of an Essential character.

During the depression years, the Cook’s River canal was constructed by the Public Works Department, and the various parks were formed along the river bank by filling the old- bed with garbage. One of the most extensive of these was Tasker Park, where the river had taken a large horse-shoe bend. This area is now a splendid park, used exclusively for women’s sport. [[|Rosedale Park|Rosedale Reserve]] was another area formed in this way.

It was in 1950 when the post-war development began to occur. Large industrial concerns became established in the Municipality and extensive housing schemes were carried out by the Housing Commission. Private enterprise also accounted for many large housing projects. During the years 1950-1960, industrial development continued apace, and it became possible for large numbers of the residents of the Municipality, particularly housewives, to obtain employment in local industrial concerns.

In 1960, after investigation of possible sites in the Municipality, Tasker Park was selected as the site of a swimming pool, known as the Canterbury Municipal Olympic Pool. The pool was built at a cost of £180,000 and has provided a much needed amenity in the district. Thousands of youngsters visit the pool during the season, and have learned the art of swimming.

Another milestone in the development of the Municipality was the erection of new Municipal Offices in Beamish Street, Campsie, at a cost of approximately £240,000. The building incorporates every modern feature to assist in the transaction of business and it is expected to cater for all of Council's requirements for many years to come.

Campsie Baby Health Centre 1970s
Unfortunately, it was not practicable to include an auditorium in the building, but the old Orion Theatre, which adjoins the Baby Health Centre in Beamish Street, was purchased early in 1964 and it is expected that this will be converted to a public hall at a later date. One most significant phase of the Council's activities came with passing of the Cumberland County Council Legislation in 1946. From that time onward, Council has endeavored to follow a policy of orderly planning, for the purpose of controlling development.

The Canterbury Municipality is primarily residential and as there is practically no vacant building land available, it is necessary to plan for redevelopment. The trend is now towards the erection of home units and during the period 1961-1963 many older-type cottages have been demolished and in their place have arisen large blocks of home units, providing six, eight or ten separate occupancies, instead of the one which formerly existed. In this way the population of the district is being increased, and this is having its effect on the shopping centres, which are being invigorated.

Another development of a major nature, the benefit of which cannot be accurately predicted, is the erection of the Roselands Shopping Centre, on part of the former Roseland Golf Course. The Centre will cost approximately £6 million, and will include a multiplicity of shops designed to meet all the requirements of the people in that area. The Company sponsoring the Centre has claimed that it is the most modern building of its type in Australia and it is expected that vast numbers of residents of this and adjoining districts will take advantage of the facilities offered.

In concluding these remarks, I would say that from all appearances, the Municipality will remain primarily residential, and large numbers of additional residents will be attracted to the Municipality as the present trend of re- development by home units continues. 9th February, 1965.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No.1)

(Mr. Lofts, the writer of this article, was employed by Canterbury Council from 1930 until he retired in 1965.He was Town Clerk of Canterbury from 1948 to 1965).

CHURCH OF CHRIST,EARLWOOD

Acknowledgment and appreciation. We are indebted to Miss M. A. Cox, for the following contribution, who has kindly submitted the History of the Church of Christ, Earlwood, for the Canterbury and District Historical Society.

Our first meetings in the district were held in the “Sunrise Hall” in 1932-38. Land had been purchased in Robert Street in 1934 and sold in 1937. Later, a Bible School was commenced in the Soldiers' Memorial Hall, Fricourt Avenue, Earlwood. In 1938, the school and church merged and was known as Canterbury- Earlwood Church of Christ.

The brick building now occupied, situated high up on the solid rock foundation in Burlington Avenue is a unique place of worship. Unique, because it was built by voluntary labour and with limited finance. Only four of the men engaged on the building project, and four women who attended to the "inner man", are alive to-day, but the labour of those early pioneers is ever remembered and appreciated. Some now will remember the joyful Official Opening by Mrs P. J. Bond, wife of the Youth Director. Mr P. J. Bond, B. A., had already played a major role for several years.

After labouring from early morning on 10th September, we arrived back in the early afternoon, to discover a thief had stolen the box of cutlery borrowed from the Enmore Church. Following on this shock was a frantic dash throughout the district in search of more cutlery, for a tea had been arranged. The writer, therefore, was not privileged to be present at the long looked forward to ceremony!

However, a sympathetic congregation gave very liberally; Enmore Church received brand new cutlery and all was forgiven. NOT forgotten, for the afternoon was a warm one !

There has been much building progress since that time, we were able then to follow the train’s graceful curving from Campsie Station round to Dulwich Hill Station. The gigantic boulders in nearby Thompson Street ruled out the land there for a building site; and our boast of the "everlasting" view was all in the imagination. Today attractive homes face us, and the occupants enjoy the easterly aspect from the rear.

The price paid to Mr Douglas Burling for the splendid lock of ground we own is somewhat of astonishment to the younger generation, and indeed, even in 1937, we felt that at £90, it was a "GIFT". Later on, an extra portion at the rear - reaching back to the insuperable wall of the disused Quarry - was acquired for little finance. Here we plan a Recreation area and one faithful Member has had a substantial storeroom erected and cement paths laid, without any cost to the Church.

For years it must have seemed we admired the great brown naked rock in front of the building and rising some en feet from the rugged footpath. To-day, this is discreetly covered with concrete and surrounded with a white iron railing. Our elderly Doorkeeper, Mr W. Roots, since called to "higher service", was instrumental in chiseling out the foundation for twelve concrete steps up one side of the rock.

The street name has been altered from Jane to Burlington Avenue; the road has been asphalted across to the gutter and the footpath paved, thanks to an interested Council. The interior of the building has also been greatly improved since 1938. Red carpet adorns the polished floor, and fluorescent lighting has been installed, while one Member of the present generation has enhanced the Platform with his own designed woodwork furniture. We look on that to-day with much gratitude to Mr John Werner. Our solid seating accommodation built in 1938 by volunteer labour, we have retained. It is not a stimulus to slumber!

The spacious Hall at the rear is a long dreamed of reality for all Youth activities, and we look back with pleasure on the chief Builder, the late Mr W. J. Mansell, and several workers who contributed hundreds of pounds worth of voluntary labour, leaving only £2,250 for the total cost.

Many and stalwart have been our Ministers - several with little or no salary - who have prayed and preached so earnestly. One, Mr A, Hinrichse, completed in 1953 a successful Ministry of nine years duration. These years were a time of rich harvest. To-day, our Minister is Mr Neil Hodgekiss, recently from Victoria.

The Manse speaks well for the dedicated and cheerful "giving", under the gracious encouragement and splendid organizing ability of our Elder, Mr N. H. Matthews. He has been personally responsible too, for many recent improvements to the Church buildings, at no cost to the Church Treasury. To him we attribute much praise that the Church Book-keeping and the Finances are in such a healthy condition; he has been our treasurer for several years.

Our recently appointed Secretary, Mr John Morris, makes a splendid co-worker with him. He too, is a man to look up to - one of integrity and an efficient and tactful leader. He supersedes Mr Strickland, who did splendid service for many years.

We would not overlook our one remaining male "foundation member", Mr R. Carrick, who served as Treasurer in those early years. We take this opportunity of thanking him for his present faithful attendance.

(Compiled for Canterbury Historical Society by Church Press Correspondent MAC.)

THE BANK OF N.S.W. - LOCAL BRANCHES

The Bank of New South Wales opened its first branch (Lakemba) in the Canterbury Municipality in 1922. However, through the Australian Bank of Commerce Ltd., which amalgamated with the "Wales" in 1931, its association with the area began three years earlier, when the Australian Bank of commerce opened Receiving Offices at Belmore and Lakemba.

The latter agency occupied firstly No. 2 Brownings Buildings (1919-1920) and later premises in Haldon Street, leased from C. D. Murray (1920-1923). The agency was, however, closed following the opening of the Lakemba branch of le "Wales" on 7th June, 1922. With Mr. H. V. Watsford, the first manager, this branch occupied temporary premises opposite the present site which was purchased in 1925 and premises erected. These were demolished three years ago to make way for the present building.

Subsequent representation in the Municipality is as follows:-

CANTERBURY

A. B.C. Branch 1920 - Manager, M. J. Rowe.


Premises

Opened in leased shop premises (115 Canterbury Road) near the Town Hall and 80 yards from the present site of the "Wales". At this time Canterbury Road was known as George Street. Premises were built for the Bank on this site by W. H. Anderson in 1921 and subsequently purchased in 1932.

This became the Bank of New South Wales on amalgamation in 1931, the first Manager being Mr A. G. Chaseling. Present premises, 182 Canterbury Road, were purchased in 1959. As a matter of interest, the land on which the Bank stands was part of a subdivision which was offered at Auction in 30th July, 1841, by the owners, then the Australian Sugar Company, and the area is still known as the "Sugar Company state". Property owned by J. C. Hutton Pty. Ltd. Between the Railway Line and Cooks River, forms part of the Estate and an unsuccessful attempt to win coal from the land in hat vicinity was in progress at the time of the subdivision. The original Sugar Company Building is still standing and comprises part of the factory premises of J. C. Hutton Pty. Ltd.


PUNCHBOWL

A. B. C. Receiving Office opened in 1922. Converted to a branch in 1929, the Manager then being Mr N. A. Mason.


Premises

1. 1922-1927 Premises leased in Punchbowl Road. 2. 1927-1930 Premises leased in Arthur Street. 3. 1930-1931 Premises leased, part of ground floor, 264 The Boulevarde.

Following the amalgamation in 1931, this became a "Wales" agency until reconverted to a branch in 1938. First Manager, Mr C. E. Cardow.


Premises

1. 1931-1956 A. B. C. premises, 254 The Boulevarde, taken over by the Bank of New South Wales.

2. 1957-1963 Present building, 252-254 The Boulevarde, erected 1956.


BELMORE

A. B. C. Receiving Office opened in 1919, closed the following year. Reopened in 1926 in leased premises in Canterbury Road and on the amalgamation in 1931, became a Bank of New South Wales agency. Closed in 1933. Reopened 1956 and converted to a full "Wales" branch in 1961.


Premises

397 Burwood Road, Belmore.


EARLWOOD

Bank of New South Wales branch opened 22nd July, 1929. Manager Mr F. H. Brown. Present building, 317 Homer Street. Erected 1935.


CAMPSIE

Bank of New South Wales branch opened 1936. Manager, Mr. N. C. Prott.


Premises

194 Beamish Street occupied until 1956 when present building was erected at 212 Beamish Street.


NARWEE

"Wales" branch opened 28th November, 1960.


HURLSTONE PARK

Bank of New South Wales opened as an agency in 1942. Converted to a branch in August, 1963. New premises were opened in September, 1966. Manager, Mr 0. Wainwright.


Premises

771 New Canterbury Road occupied until opening of new building at 839 New Canterbury Road, Hurlstone Park.

To commorate 150 years of banking progress, a display if photographs, documents and bric-a-brac, loaned by the Canterbury & District Historical Society, is to be held at Hurlstone Park Branch, and also at the new Canterbury Branch during its opening celebrations.

(C.D.H.S.J. S.1 No. 6)

SOME STATISTICS OF CANTERBURY,1921

INDUSTRY MALES FEMALES TOTAL
Primary industry 359 13 372
Mining and quarrying 73 2 75
Manufacturing 12,149 2818 14,967
Transport and communication 3829 72 3901
Commerce and finance 5018 1834 6852
Public administration and professional 1428 863 2291
Entertainment, sport and recreational 223 54 277
Personal and domestic 402 935 1328


DWELLINGS

Stone 56
Brick 12,745
Concrete 94
Iron 22
Wood 5131
Plaster 9
Fibro 404
Hessian 8
Not Stated 1


Private houses 18, 241

Tenements and flats 241


Average number of inmates

Private houses 4.26

Tenements and flats 3.12


POPULATION OF CANTERBURY IN 1891

Males: 1 ,322

Females: 1,104

Total: 2,426


Inhabited dwellings: 483


THE CANTERBURY&DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY Meets on the FOURTH TUESDAY OF EACH MONTH At 7:30 P.M.

Senior Citizen Centre,Redman PDE Belmore,Guest Speakers-Films-Tours-VISITORS ARE AIWAYS WELCOME:

5.00 Single Membership

3.00 Members on fixed incomes.


HON.SECRETERY:

MRS.F.MULLER.14 WILLUNGA AVE,EARLWOOD 2206


PRESIDENT:

MRS T.M. ROBERTS,77 BANKS ROAD,EARLWOOD. 2206.PHONE: 55.6716